Turrialba Volcano

National Park

Turrialba National Park covers an area of 1,577 hectares. The volcano has an approximate height of 3340 m and shares the same base with the Irazu Volcano so often identified as twin volcanoes. It offers 3 well-defined craters and other disfigured by the activity. The central crater is the deepest (about 50 mt). On its slopes are two possible cones, Tiendilla hill (2791 m) and Mount Armando (2750 m). Currently exhibits activity with detachment of gases and water vapor with sulfur deposits. It includes areas of rainforest life and premontane wet forest, where the forest is evergreen, with trees of varying size (15-40 m), is the frequent presence of shrimp in most tree species.



The average temperature of 16 ° C and precipitation ranging between 3000 and 4000 mm annually.



Among the trees that stand out are the oaks and live oaks, and the horn of deer, sage and Mouse, which are residues of old forest thinnings and secondary type that remain as a haven for native wildlife. 



It is the only National Park where you can walk inside a volcanic caldera. From several points of the top and a {d ia clear, you can have a panoramic view of the plains of the Caribbean, the massifs of the Braulio Carrillo National Park and the Poas Volcano Turrialba valley and up the hill Chirripo. There are several versions about the origin of its name.

The Spanish called it Turrealba, which comes from White Tower or Torre Alba. Some say that is indigenous origin of the word Turru or Turu and others say that is because the people of the same name in their skirts. Like other volcanoes in the country, was much visited before the Spanish arrived.