Tapantí


National Park

HISTORY

Tapantí National Park - Death Massif has an extension of 58,495 hectares. It is located in the cantons of Paradise, Jimenez and The Guarco of Carthage. It is divided into two sectors:

 

• Tapantí, was established on April 23, 1992.   

• Death Massif, was established on 14 January 2000.

 

Both sectors are set to Tapantí Nacionsl Park - Death Massif belongs to the Amistad Conservation Area jThe Pacific (ACLAP), is located in the northeast corner of the Cordillera de Talamanca.The level altitude from 700 m (sector Smoke, Pejivalle) to 3491 m (Cerro de la Muerte).Tapantí sector is one of the most rainfall with an average annual rainfall of 700 mm, the rest of the area has an average of 300 mm.The temperature ranges between 26 ° C, in SMOKE and 6 degrees Celsius in the Cerro de la Muerte.

 

LIFE ZONES:

Premontane wet forest, premontane pluvial forest, lower montane rain forest, montane rain forest and subalpine moors.

 

FLORA AND FAUNA

The area protects more than 45 species of mammals, among which are: tapirs, mountain goat, cats, tayras, monkeys, agoutis, squirrels, bats, rabbits, raccoons, raccoons, among others.In the case of birds are protected around 300 species, including descatan: quetzals yigürros, hummingbirds, tanagers, turkeys, orioles, trogons, hawks, warblers, nuthatches, woodpeckers and nurseries.The class of amphibians is important, as they have discovered several endemic species of salamanders, for example Nototriton Tapantí, frogs and toads are other representatives of these ssuman which together more than 32 species.Among the reptiles are basilisks, lizards and snakes as ridley, tinsel, hand stone, mica or zopilita and bejuquillas.Insects are well represented in all orders: Lepidoptera (butterflies), Coleoptera (beetles), Diptera (flies), hymenoptera (bees and wasps, etc.).They have discovered a large number of endemic species, this results in the national inventory.As far as flora is concerned, we find árbolles as oaks, tirrás, guarumos, buríos, nance macho, cipresillos, oak, bird launchers single use, magnolias, myrtles, grind peppers, figs, etc. Epiphytes are represented by orchids, ferns, mosses and bromeliads, the latter have been identified 7 endemic species. Tree ferns are abundant, as is the umbrella poor.